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ecbi - The European Capacity Building Initiative

About ecbi

ecbi is an initiative for sustained capacity building in support of international climate change negotiations. The ecbi aims to promote a more level playing field between government delegations to the international climate change negotiations, and to facilitate mutual understanding and trust - both between European and developing countries and among the developing countries.

Dialogue on EDA in Nepal

A dialogue with stakeholders on Enhanced Direct Access (EDA) was organised in Kathmandu, Nepal, by Oxford Climate Policy, Prakriti Research Centre and Helvetas on 24 March 2017. The three organisations are exploring the potential of EDA in Nepal, in collaboration with BothEnds in the Netherlands.
Anju Sharma made a presentation on the EDA modality, explaining its potential for sub-national devolution, and highlighting the Local Adaptation Plans of Action (LAPAs) in Nepal as the kind of activities that should be funded under the modality. During the discussion that followed, stakeholders discussed, among other things, the difficulties faced by LDCs like Nepal in getting accreditation for National Implementing Entities with the Green Climate Fund; the hurdles for NGOs to access GCF funding; and the different approaches taken by various proponents of the LAPA approach in Nepal.

Adaptation Fund Board Seminar on Resource Mobilisation and Potential Linkages with the Green Climate Fund

On the evening of 14 March 2017, the ecbi convened a seminar on resource mobilisation for the Adaptation Fund at La Redoute in Bad Godesberg, Germany. The seminar was co-hosted by Michael Kracht, incoming Chair of the Adaptation Fund Board, and Benito Müller, ecbi director. It was attended by members and alternates of the Adaptation Fund Board, as well as representatives of the Adaptation Fund Secretariat and Trustee.

After a welcome by the incoming Chair, Müller gave an introductory presentation on "Mobilising Resources for the Adaptation Fund", discussing three problems facing the resource mobilisation efforts of the Adaptation Fund:
(i) the drying up of the original core funding source, the share of proceeds from the Clean Development Mechanism;
(ii) the danger of voluntary donations being diverted to the Green Climate Fund to make up for the shortfall, expected after the reneging by the new US administration; and
(iii) administrative overheads involved in national contributions to small funds.

Müller proposed that the Adaptation Fund receive core funding from the Green Climate Fund, under programmatic access. In this context, he proposed that the Board, as soon as possible, request the Secretariat and the Trustee to prepare all the necessary documents necessary for a Board decision to speedily launch an accreditation process with the Green Climate Fund, if it desired, after the issue of whether the Adaptation Fund “may serve the Paris Agreement" is resolved at the next climate conference in November 2017.

The second presentation of the evening on "Potential linkages between the AF and the GCF" was given by David Eckstein, Climate Finance and Investments Policy Advisor, Germanwatch. This was followed by a presentation entitled "You've got the Power! Accrediting the AF to the GCF" by David Rossati, Lecturer at the Law Salford Business School, UK. Rossati explained the independent legal opinion he provided for a recent OCP/ecbi Discussion Note "Time to Decide! The Adaptation Fund after Marrakech", regarding whether the Adaptation Fund Board has the power to initiate accreditation with the GCF, and he discussed some issues arising from the recent update of the Adaptation Fund Secretariat paper on Potential Linkages Between the Fund and the Green Climate Fund.

In the final presentation of the evening, Müller introduced the “Oxford Crowdfunding for Adaptation Initiative” that the ecbi team has initiated, to tap into socially responsible corporate air travel. Müller estimated that if properly marketed, the scheme could provide the Adaptation Fund with US$ 125 million per annum.

• Chair's Letter of appreciation
• 'Time to Decide'
• Crowdfunding document
2016 Finance Circle Meeting

An ecbi Finance Circle meeting took place on 8 November 2016, during the 22nd Conference of Parties (COP 22) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. It was attended by 15 negotiators from developed and developing countries.

ecbi director Benito Müller made a presentation on the Adaptation Fund, saying its current lack of resources posed a grave danger to its future sustainability. With resources from the Clean Development Mechanism having dried up, it is now entirely dependent on voluntary bilateral contributions for its resources. He pointed to the need for the COP serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP) to respond to the request for guidance by the Fund’s Board on whether the Board could consider accreditation with the Green Climate Fund (GCF). Müller argued that through such accreditation, the Adaptation Fund could become a “boutique” or “retail” outlet specialising on adaptation finance, allowing the GCF to remain a “wholesale” fund, and to function at scale without administrative bottlenecks. He pointed to Adaptation Fund’s capacity to deal with nano and micro projects.

Müller said ensuring resources for the Adaptation Fund was even more important that the pending decision on whether the Fund should serve under the COP serving as the Meeting of Parties under the Paris Agreement (CMA). The decision to let it serve under the CMA could bring in resources later, in the form of “shares of proceeds” from the trading mechanisms of the Paris Agreement, but there was a great deal of uncertainty on whether the mechanisms would yield sufficient resources, or indeed whether the shares of proceeds would be earmarked for the Adaptation Fund. In any case, he said, by the time the mechanisms are functional, the Adaptation Fund could already be rendered non-functional due to the lack of resources. Reminding participants that the Adaptation Board had specifically sought guidance from the CMP, he said not providing this guidance would also send a signal.

Participants then discussed the time it would take to get accreditation from the GCF; the suitability of the Adaptation Fund to get accredited; the existing fund raising strategy of the Adaptation Fund; and possible impacts by the share of proceeds from the CMA market mechanisms.

Oxford - home of the ecbi project
Latest Publications
Letter of Appreciation, Adaptation Fund Board : March 2017  (1244 kb).
“Once more unto the breach, dear friends, once more”: March 2017  (2204 kb).
Time to Decide!: January 2017  (8860 kb).
Pre-COP Training workshop report: November 2016  (301 kb).
Regional Workshop Dar es Salaam 2016 - report: November 2016  (1420 kb).
"The ecbi makes it possible that people with different positions of their own groups or countries to listen to one another for the common good of our peoples."
Dahai QI, Ministry of Foreign Affairs China